The heart and soul of Bhartiya Ayurveda encompass five methodologies of purification therapies, which target and cleanse the body and mind through natural orifices. Mostly well - executed scientifically and research based practices in Kerala.
Panchakarma is the most famous detoxification process of Ayurveda. Panchakarma refers to the number five, and the karma refers to the therapy that brings about homeostasis by way of evacuation of accumulated morbid Dosha. These Panchakarma procedures are carried out in three sequential steps.
These steps are named as Poorva karma, Pradhana karma and Pashchat karma. Snehana (Oil massage therapy) and Svedana (Fomentation Therapy) therapies are enumerated as Poorva karma, Vamana, Virechana, Niroohabasti, Anuvasanabasti and Nasyaare the five procedures comprising Panchakarma and known as Pradhana karma. Vamanarefers to the therapeutic emesis. Virechana means therapeutic purgation. Decoction enema is called by the name Niroohabasti. Oil enema is referred by the name Anuvasanabasti. Nasya is the nasal administration of the medicine. After Pradhana karma, required to restore the physical strength as well as optimum functioning of the gastro-intestinal tract. This is achieved by specific dietetic regimen like Samsarjana Karma and it is known as Pashchat karma. Panchakarma is beneficial both in normal persons in promoting health, as well as in a diseased person to eradicate the illness, and for improvement in the functioning of the gastric fire, remission of the diseases, improvement in the body complexion, process of ageing being slowed down and healthy living for long.
Benefits of Panchakarma Therapies
Snehana means oleation therapy. The therapy which produces oiliness in the body.
ABHYANGA (MASSAGE THERAPY): Abhyanga is a most commonly used snehana therapy in Panchakarma for both healthy people and those with diseases. A person should resort to Abhyanga every day if he wants to keep him healthy. In Ayurveda, Abhyanga has been mentioned as a part of daily routine. It is very useful in maintaining the flexibility and sturdiness of the body.
Svedana (Sudation Therapy)
Svedana is a procedure that alleviates the stiffness of the body, relieves sense of heaviness, and cures feeling of cold. When carried out in healthy persons it promotes the health. Varied modalities of svedanas are done to achieve independent therapeutic benefits.
Vamana Karma(Emesis Therapy)
Vamana is the unique procedure of eliminating the toxin from the body through the oral route by way of inducing vomiting. It is indicated in disease like chronic rhinitis, various skin disease and cough etc.
Virechana Karma (Purgation Therapy)
Virechana is the procedure of eliminating fecal matter and other accumulation of toxin in the lower gastrointestinal tract through the anal route. It is indicated in diseases related to abdomen.
Basti Karma (Therapeutic Enema Therapy)
Basti is a procedure in which the drugs are administered through the anal canal and it is retained for certain period of time. This drags the waste matters from all over the body into the colon for elimination. Basti has a wide range of action in almost all bodily systems.
Nasya Karma (Errhine Therapy)
Nasya is a procedure in which drugs are administered through nasal route. It is used to cure diseases pertaining to head and related structures like stiffness of the head, headaches, hair fall, premature greying, frozen shoulder etc.
Shirodhara is a procedure in which continuous pouring of decoction or oil on the forehead. It is indicated in mental stress, hypertension, headache, anxiety, psychological illness, insomnia, mental exhaustion etc.
It is a procedure of puncturing the vein for therapeutic purposes. It is indicated in skin diseases, bleeding disorder, peripheral vascular disease and abscess.